Literature – National Book Awards

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Year Fiction Poetry Nonfiction Young People's Literature
2015 Adam Johnson, Fortune Smiles Robin Coste Lewis, Voyage of the Sable Venus Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me Neal Shusterman, Challenger Deep
2014 Phil Klay, Redeployment Louise Gluck, Faithful and Virtuous Night Evan Osnos, Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth and Faith in the New China Jacqueline Woodson, Brown Girl Dreaming
2013 James McBride, The Good Lord Bird Mary Szybist, Incarnadine George Packer, The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America Cynthia Kadohata, The Thing About Luck
2012 Louise Erdrich, The Round House David Ferry, Bewilderment: New Poems and Translations Katherine Boo, Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity William Alexander, Goblin Secrets
2011 Jesmyn Ward, Salvage the Bones Nikky Finney, Head Off & Split Stephen Greenblatt, The Swerve: How the World Became Modern Thanhha Lai, Inside Out & Back Again
2010 Jaimy Gordon, Lord of Misrule Terrance Hayes, Lighthead Patti Smith, Just Kids Kathryn Erskine, Mockingbird
2009 Colum McCann, Let the Great World Spin Keith Waldrop, Transcendental Studies: A Trilogy T.J. Stiles, The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt Phillip Hoose, Claudette Colvin: Twice Toward Justice
2008 Peter Matthiessen, Shadow Country Mark Doty, Fire to Fire: New and Collected Poems Annette Gordon-Reed, The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family Judy Blundell, What I Saw and How I Lied
2007 Denis Johnson, Tree of Smoke Robert Hass, Time and Materials: Poems, 1997-2005 Tim Weiner, Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA Sherman Alexie, The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian
2006 Richard Powers, The Echo Maker Nathaniel Mackey, Splay Anthem Timothy Egan, The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl M.T. Anderson, The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Vol. 1: The Pox Party
2005 William T. Vollmann, Europe Central W.S. Merwin, Migration: New and Selected Poems Joan Didion, The Year of Magical Thinking Jeanne Birdsall, The Penderwicks
2004 Lily Tuck , The News from Paraguay Jean Valentine, Door in the Mountain: New and Collected Poems 1965-2003 Kevin Boyle, Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age Pete Hautman, Godless
2003 Shirley Hazzard, The Great Fire C.K. Williams , The Singing Carlos Eire, Waiting for Snow in Havana: Confessions of a Cuban Boy Polly Horvath, The Canning Season
2002 Julia Glass , Three Junes Ruth Stone , In the Next Galaxy Robert A. Caro, Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson Nancy Farmer, The house of the Scorpion
2001 Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections Alan Dugan, Poems Seven: New and Complete Poetry Andrew Solomon , The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression Virginia Eumer Wollf , True Believer
2000 Susan Sontag, In America Lucille Clifton, Blessing the Boats: New and Selected Poems 1988-2000 Nathaniel Philbrick, In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex Gloria Whelan, Homeless Bird
1999 Ha Jin, Waiting Ai, New and Selected Poems John W. Dower , Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II Kimberly Willis Holtt, When Zachary Beaver Came to Town
1998 Alice McDermott, Charming Billy Gerald Stern, The Time: New and Selected Poems Edward Ball, Slaves in the Family Louis Sachar, Holes
1997 Charles Frazier, Cold Mountain William Meredith , Effort at Speech: New and Selected Poems Joseph J. Ellis , American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson Han Nolan, Dancing on the Edge
1996 Andrea Barrett, Ship Fever and Other Stories Hayden Carruth, Scrambled Eggs and Whiskey: Poems 1991-1995 James Carroll, An American Requiem: God, My Father and the War That Came Between Us Victor Martinez, Parrot in the Oven: Mi Vida
1995 Philip Roth, Sabbath's Theater Stanley Kunitz, Passing Through Tina Rosenberg, The Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism
1994 William Gaddis, A Frolic of His Own James Tate, Worshipful Company of Fletchers Sherwin B. Nuland , How We Die: Reflections on Life's Final Chapter
1993 E. Annie Proulx, The Shipping News A.R. Ammons, Garbage Gore Vidal, United States: Essays 1952-1992
1992 Cormac McCarthy, All the Pretty Horses Mary Oliver , New and Selected Poems Paul Monette, Becoming a Man: Half a Life
1991 Norman Rush, Mating Philip Levine, What Work Is Orlando Patterson, Freedom
1990 Charles Johnson, Middle Passage Ron Chernow, The House of Morgan
1989 John Casey, Spartina Thomas L. Friedman , From Beirut to Jerusalem
1988 Pete Dexter, Paris Trout Neil Sheehan, A Bright and Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam
1987 Larry Heinemann, Paco's Story Richard Rhodes, The Making of the Atom Bomb
1986 E.L. Doctorow, World's Fair Barry Lopez, Arctic Dreams
1985 Don DeLillo, White Noise J. Anthony Lukas , Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families
1984 Ellen Gilchrist, Victory Over Japan Charles Wright, Country Music Robert V. Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833-45
1983 Alice Walker, The Color Purple Galway Kinnell, Selected Poems Fox Butterfield, China: Alive in the Bitter Sea
1982 John Updike, Rabbit Is Rich William Brook, Life Supports Tracy Kidder, The Soul of a New Machine
1981 Wright Morris, Plains Song Lisel Mueller, The Need to Hold Still Maxine Hong Kingston, China Men
1980 William Styron, Sophie's Choice Philip Levine, Ashes Tom Wolfe, The Right Stuff
1979 Tim O'Brien, Going After Cacciato James Merrill, Mirabell: Books of Number Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. , Robert Kennedy and His Times
1978 Mary Lee Settle, Blood Ties Howard Nemerov, The Collected Poems Walter Jackson Bate, Samuel Johnson
1977 Wallace Stegner, The Spectator Bird Richard Eberhart, Collected Poems, 1930-1976 Bruno Bettelheim, The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales
1976 William Gaddis, JR John Ashbery , Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror Paul Fussell, The Great War and Modern Memory
1975 Robert Stone, Dog Soldiers & Tomas Williams, The Hair of Harold Roux Marilyn Hacker, Presentation Piece Richard B. Sewall, The Life of Emily Dickinson & Lewis Thomas, The Lives of a Cell
1974 Thomas Pynchon, Gravity's Rainbow & Isaac Bashevis Singer, A Crown of Feathers & Other Stories Allen Ginsberg, The Fall of America: Poems of These States, 1965-71 & Adrienne Rich, Diving into the Wreck: Poems, 1971-72 Pauline Kael, Deeper into the Movies
1973 John Barth, Chimera & John Williams, Augustus A.R. Ammons, Collected Poems: 1951-71 Frances Fitzgerald , Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam
1972 Flannery O'Connor, The Complete Stories Howard Moss, Selected Poems Joseph P. Lash, Eleanor and Franklin
1971 Saul Bellow, Mr. Sammler's Planet Mona Van Duyn , To See, To Take James MacGregor Burns, Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom
1970 Joyce Carol Oates, Them Elizabeth Bishop, The Complete Poems Lillian Hellman , An Unfinished Woman, a Memoir
1969 Jerzy Kosinski, Steps John Berryman, His Toy, His Dream, His Rest Norman Mailer, The Armies of the Night
1968 Thornton Wilder, The Eighth Day Robert Bly, The Light Around the Body Jonathan Kozol , Death at an Early Age
1967 Bernard Malamud, The Fixer James Merrill, Nights and Days Justin Kaplan , Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain
1966 Katherine Anne Porter, The Collected Stories James Dickey, Buckdancer's Choice Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. , A Thousand Days: JFK in the White House
1965 Saul Bellow , Herzog Theodore Roethke, The Far Field Louis Fisher, The Life of Lenin
1964 John Updike, The Centaur John Crowe Ransom, Selected Poems Aileen Ward, John Keats: The Making of a Poet
1963 J.F. Powers, Morte d'Urban William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark Leon Edel, Henry James, vols. 2 and 3
1962 Walker Percy, The Moviegoer Alan Dugan, Poems Lewis Mumford , The City in History
1961 Conrad Richter, The Waters of Kronos Randall Jarrell, The Woman at the Washington Zoo William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
1960 Philip Roth, Goodbye, Columbus Robert J. Lowell , Life Studies Richard Ellman , James Joyce
1959 Bernard Malamud, The Magic Barrel Theodore Roethke, Words for the Wind J. Christopher Herold, Mistress to an Age
1958 John Cheever, The Wapshot Chronicle Robert Penn Warren, Promises: Poems, 1954-56 Catherine Drinker Bowen, The Lion and the Throne
1957 Wright Morris, Field of Vision Richard Wilbur, Things of this World George F. Kennan, Russia Leaves the War
1956 John O'Hara, Ten North Frederick W.H. Auden , The Shield of Achilles Herbert Kubly, An American in Italy
1955 William Faulkner, A Fable Wallace Stevens, The Collected Poems Joseph Wood Krutch, The Measure of Man
1954 Saul Bellow, The Adventures of Augie March Conrad Aiken, Collected Poems Bruce Catton , A Stillness at Appomattox
1953 Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man Archibald MacLeish, Collected Poems 1917-52 Bernard De Voto, Course of Empire
1952 James Jones, From Here to Eternity Marianne Moore , Collected Poems Rachel Carson , The Sea Around Us
1951 William Faulkner, The Collected Stories Wallace Stevens, The Auroras of Autumn Newton Arvin, Herman Melville
1950 Nelson Algren, The Man with the Golden Arm William Carols Williams, Paterson: Book III and Selected Poems Ralph L. Rusk, Ralph Waldo Emerson
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